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 Animal Husbandry - Health Care Measure  
 

 
For Parasitic Diseases of Domesticated Animals and Birds 
Technology for the maintenance of minimal Disease herd in Pig Production Programme
Promising Feeds and Fodder Resources for Livestock

Parasitic Diseases of Domesticated Animals and Birds

a) PIG

      For low and Medium Altitude (400 - 1000 m)

  • Monthly Deworming schedule for G.I. nematodes.

  • Take special care for Mite Infestation.

  • Take special care for flukes.

  • Take special care for Coccidiosis.

  • Keep animals away from water logging areas having snails.

  • Monthly spraying for ticks.

Drugs against G.I. Namatodes of pig
Drugs Dosage
Piperazine 250-300 mg/kg b.wt. in feed or water (Single dose)
Tiabendazoles  50 mg/kg b.wt. in feed (Single dose)
Parbendazole 30 mg/kg b.wt. in feed (Single dose)
Fenbendazole 5 mg/kg b.wt. in feed (Single dose)
Ivermectin  0.3 mg/kg b.wt (s/c)

   Drug against Trematode

Drugs Dosage
Tetrachlorethylene  0.08-0.14 ml/kg b.wt.

Drugs against Ticks

Deltamethrin    50 75 ppm
Ivermectin  0.3 mg/kg b.wt. (s/c)

      Drug against mites

Deltamethrin   (Two application at 10 days interval) 50 75 ppm
Ivermectin 0.3 mg/kg b.wt. (s/c)

      Drugs against Coccidiosis

Amprolium  25-65 mg/kg of feed once or twice a day for 4-5 days

(Consult Veterinarians for Diagnosis and Treatment)

      For High Altitude (1000-2000m)

  •  Monthly Deworming schedule for G.I. nematodes.

  •  Take special care for Mite Infestation.

  •  Take special care for Coccidiosis.

  •  Monthly spraying for ticks.

b) CATTLE AND GOATS

       For low and Medium Altitude (400 - 1000 m)

  •  Monthly Deworming schedule for G.I. nematodes.

  •  Take special care for Mite Infestation.

  •  Take special care for Amphistomiasis & Fascioliasis.

  •  Take special care for Coccidiosis.

  •  Take special care for blood Protozoans (Babesia/Anaplasma)

  •  Keep animals away from water logging areas having snails.

  •  Monthly spraying for ticks.

Drugs against G.I. nematodes

Drugs Goat(mg/kg b.wt. ) Cattle(mg/kg b.wt.)
Tiabendazoles  50 (Oral)  75 (Oral)
Parbendazole 20 (Oral) 20-30 (Oral)
Fenbendazole  5 (Oral) 7.5 (Oral)
Fenbentel  5 (Oral)   7.5 (Oral)
Ivermectin  0.2 (s/c) 0.2 (s/c)

Drug against Fascioliasis & Amphistiomiasis

Drugs Goat(mg/kg b.wt. ) Cattle(mg/kg b.wt.)
Niclosamide 50-90 (Oral) -
Rafoxanide 7.5 (Oral)  7.5 (Oral)

    Drugs against Tick

Drugs Goat/Cattle
Deltamethrin 50-75 ppm
Ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg b.wt. (s/c)

Drugs against Mites

Drugs Goat/Cattle
Deltamethrin 50-75 ppm (Two application at 10 days interval)
Ivermectin   0.2 mg/kg b.wt. (s/c)

Drug against Coccidiosis (Eimerian Sp)

Drugs Goat/Cattle
Amprolium 20-25 mg/kg of feed for 4-5 days

  Drug against Blood Protozoans

Drugs Goat/Cattle
Babesan 1-2 ml/100 kg b.wt. (s/c) (5% soln.)
Imizol  1.2-2.4 mg/kg b.wt. (s/c)
Berenil  2-3.5 mg/kg b.wt. deep i/m

Drug against Anaplasmoisis

Drugs Goat/Cattle
Tetracyclines 6-10 mg/kg b.wt.

(Consult Veterinarians for Diagnosis and Treatment)

      For High altitude (1000 2000m)

  • Monthly Deworming schedule for G.I. nematodes.

  •  Take special care for Mite Infestation.

  •  Take special care for Coccidiosis.

  •  Take special care for lod Protozoans (Babesia/Anaplasma)

  •  Monthly spraying for ticks.

c)  RABBIT

  • Monthly Preventive Drug Schedule for Coccidiosis

  • Take special care for Mite Infestation.

Drugs against Coccidiosis

Drugs

Dosage

Sodium-Sulpha-Dimethyl Pyrimidine(12.5% W/V)

1 ml/kg b.wt. on 1st day followed by 0.5ml/kg b.wt. on 2nd, 3rd and 4th day (Curative dose).

60 ml/4 litre of drinking water on 1st day followed by 30 ml/4 litre of drinking water on 2nd, 3rd and 4th day monthly from April to Sept. (Preventive dose)

Drug against Mite

Deltamethrin

50 ppm for Sarcoptes Scabiei (skin Butox infection) 2 application at 10 days interval.

50 ppm for Sarcoptes Scabiei (skin Butox infection) 2 application at 10 days interval.

(Consult Veterinarians for Diagnosis and Treatment)

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Maintenance of minimal Disease Herd in Pig Production Programme

A. Young Stock (0-180 Days)

Age Group

Clinical signs/disease condition

Control measures

1. Pre-natal period (before parturition)

  1. Underdeveloped and fully developed born dead faetuses

  2. Congenial defects

  1. Separate housing of pregnant sows.

  2. Provide vitamin supplement.

  3. Avoid toxic plants/mouldy feeds

  4. Avoid vaccination of pregnant stock. 

2.  0.10 days

  1. Crushing by mothe

  2. Cannibalism

  3. Cold weather

  4. Neo-natal diarrhoea

  5. Agalactia

  1. Adopt pig housing in a closed area where only piglets can enter.

  2. Do not disturb sows with ferocious temperament

  3. Give adequate vitamin and mineral supplement, and balanced feed

  4. Provide bedding straw

  5. Avoid excessive feeding of piglets by sows

  6. Oral administration of antibiotic/sulpha drugs

  7. Provide proper nutrition to pregnant sow. 

3. 11-30 days

  1. Diarrhoea and dysentery

  2. Nasal discharge watery or thick

  3. Off-feeding, grinding of teeth and loss of shining of body coat 

  1. Prompt treatment with antibiotic/sulpha drugs

  2. Give full course of routine of anthelimintics

  3. Avoid excessive feeding by sows.

4. 31-60 days

  1. Diarrhoea and dysentery

  2. Nasal discharge watery or thick

  3. Continuous coughing in morning hours

  4. poor gain tuck up belly

  1. Separate of ailing piglets

  2. Prompt treatment with antibiotic/sulpha drugs/anthelimintics

  3. Avoid dampness of houses

  4. Treat the drinking water with a few crystals of potassium permanganate

  5. Give skimmed milk and or rice/barley gruel.

1. 60-180 days
  1. Diarrhoea   and dysentery

  2. Continuous coughing in morning hours

  3. Excretion of parasite in faeces

  4. Excessive Nasal discharge/difficulty in breathing coupled with nasal deformity.

  1. Separation and prompt treatment of animals

  2. Treatment of drinking water potassium permanganate

  3. Provide ample ventilation in the house/dry bedding

  4. Proper anthelmintic treatment

  5. Munomycin forte/Tetracyclin injection for 5-7 days. Repeat after 2 weeks

B.  Adult Stock (above 181 Days)

(1)   Vaccination programme against wine fever

  • All piglets immediately after weaning-first vaccination

  • Repeat after 6 months.

  • Gilt/sows should be vaccinated 2 to 3 weeks before mating

  • Strictly avoid vaccination in pregnant animals.

(2)   Identification and culling of the animals with defects/incurable disease etc.

Vaccination against Foot and Mouth must be conducted.

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Promising Feeds and Fodder Resources for Livestock

 

 

Feeds/Fodder Resources

Level of Inclusion in Feeding on DM Basis (%)   Production

Type of livestock Production

(a)

Grasses

  • Congosinal

  • Broom

  • Napier, setaria, guinea

 

  • Upto to 80

  • Upto to 50

  • Upto to 80

 

  • Cattle, goat

  • Cattle, goat

  • Cattle, goat

  • Rabbit

(b)

Legume Fodder (Pea, rice bean, stylo)

  • 10-25

  • Catlle, goat

Rabbit, poultry, goat

(c )

Tree leaves

  • Exbucklandia

  • Ficus hookerii

  • Parari

 

  • 40-60

  • 30-40

  • 30-50

 

  • Cattle, goat

  • Rabbit

  • Cattle, goat

(d)

Tuber crops

  • Sweet potato

  • Radish

  • Colocacia 

 

  • 60-70

  • 20-25

  • 20-25

 

  • Pig

  • Pig

  • Pig

(e)

Succulent fodder

  • Maize/bajara

  • Jobs tear 

 

  • 20-25

  • 20-25

 

  • Pig

  • Rabbit

(f)

Grain and by-products

  • Jobs tear

  • Corticated

  • Decorticated

  • Damaged soybean roasted

  • Rice bean roasted*

  • Jack bean kitchen soda treated**

  • Rice Polish

 

  • 30-50

  • Upto to 50

  • Upto to 30

  • Upto to 40

  • Upto to 40

  • Upto to 50

 

  • Pig, rabbit, poultry

  • Poultry

  • Poultry

  • Poultry

  • Poultry

  • Goat, pig

 

*       Roasted before use.

**     Soaked in kitchen soda solution (10g/1) in the ratio of 1:1 (v/w) for 40 hrs at 80 C.

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