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The Agro-climatic scenario in East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya.

East Khasi hills district is covered under the Agro-climatic Region- Meghalaya-Mikir Region. A part of the district falls under the Temperate Sub-Alpine zone, and other part in the Mild Tropical Hill Zones. As per the classification scheme of National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (NBSS&LUP), the East Khasi Hills district falls under Warm Perhumid Agro-eco Sub Region. The climate of East Khasi Hills varies according to elevation and exposure. The Central Highlands with elevation of 1500 metres and above have a temperate climate; Places at lower elevations are warm and humid. Rainfall also varies from place to place. . Places on the southern escarpment, facing the south-west monsoons ( viz. Pynursla- Cherrapunji- Mawsynram) receive an average of over 9000-11000mm of rain annually. This region experiences a short water deficit of about 50-130mm during post monsoon. The soils of district are light to heavy in texture. They range from acidic to soils rich in organic matter but poor in phosphorous. Potash content varies from medium to high. Red soils are commonly found in the central and sub-montane regions while black and red loam occurs in the low lying hills.  

 

 

Indian Meteorological Department(IMD)

Source: National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land use Planning (NBSS & LUP) and RMC-IMD, Guwahati

 
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