Agro-climatic scenario in East Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya.
East Khasi hills
district is covered under the Agro-climatic Region- Meghalaya-Mikir Region.
A part of the district falls under the Temperate Sub-Alpine zone, and other
part in the Mild Tropical Hill Zones. As per the classification scheme of
National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (NBSS&LUP), the East
Khasi Hills district falls under
Agro-eco Sub Region. The climate of East Khasi Hills varies
according to elevation and exposure. The Central Highlands with elevation of
1500 metres and above have a temperate climate; Places at lower elevations
are warm and humid. Rainfall also varies from place to place. .
Places on the southern escarpment, facing the south-west monsoons ( viz.
Pynursla- Cherrapunji- Mawsynram) receive an average of over 9000-11000mm of
rain annually. This region experiences a short water deficit of about
50-130mm during post monsoon. The soils of district are light to heavy in
texture. They range from acidic to soils rich in organic matter but poor in
phosphorous. Potash content varies from medium to high. Red soils are
commonly found in the central and sub-montane regions while black and red
loam occurs in the low lying hills.